This course will examine salient theologies that focus on the meaning of the cross of Jesus starting from selected passages from Apostle Paul’s letters to Luther’s theology of the cross to more contemporary theological expressions from Bonhoeffer, Moltmann, Douglas J. Hall, C.S. Song, Kosuke Koyama, James Cone, Mary Solberg, and others. Although the course will include atonement theologies it will go beyond them to include theologies of suffering from emergent nations as well as recent works on nonviolent interpretations of the cross. Prerequisite: HD550 or HD551.