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Along the Journey  |  

Lessons Learned from Theological Literature: Thomas Merton

This blog’s topic, “Lessons learned from your favorite piece of theological literature and how you apply its lessons” has been the most challenging topic I’ve written about this year.

In fact, I’ve spent the year avoiding it.

How does one pick out a favorite piece of theological literature and its lessons?

I reviewed the theologians who spoke to me in seminary (1983-1986).

Reinhold Niebuhr, Paul Tillich, H. Richard Niebuhr, Henri Nouwen, Frederick Buechner, and Howard Thurman all played a role in my theological formation back then.

Howard Thurman, Henri Nouwen, and Frederick Buechner remain very present and influential in my life and ministry.


However, there was an important element missing in my reading back then.

While Howard Thurman was black, the others were all white males.

In the intervening years, these theologians have broadened to include Diana Butler Bass, Phyllis Tickle, Sue Monk Kidd, and Christine Valters Paintner.

However, as I thought about the theologian and writer who has spoken to me the most in the past decade or so, Thomas Merton, the Trappist Monk, author, and activist came to mind.


On July 1st, 2011, I retired from the US Air Force after twenty-one years of active-duty service and five years in the US Air Force Reserve.

As I processed my experiences and reflected on my growing discomfort with the mission and thinking going on at the higher levels, I began to see the peacemaker-activist being born.

In 2015 I took a course through Columbia’s Lifelong Learning Certificate in Christian Spiritual Formation on Thomas Merton and his journals.


As I explored his journals and books, I felt a growing connection with this monk who lived at the Abbey of Our Lady of Gethsemane in rural Kentucky.

While he had initially gone to the monastery seeking solitude and a chance to grow closer to God through prayer and the monk’s life, he eventually began to be drawn back to the world of the late 1950s and early 1960s.

He realized that he could no longer be silent in the face of the horrors of the nuclear threat, the Cold War, the war in Vietnam, and the Civil Rights Movement.

He once told one of his novices, James Finley, “that a monk cannot come to simply breathe the rarified air of the monastery. The monk comes (as Merton experienced personally) to take the suffering of the entire world into his heart and into his prayers.”


Merton’s book, Peace in the Post-Christian Era­ was the book that profoundly impacted my own processing of the 26 years in the Air Force Chaplain Corps.

Merton spoke candidly about the conflict within the Catholic church and the larger Christian community around nuclear weapons.

His opinions and this specific book got Merton into hot water with his abbot and the censors.

While the book wasn’t able to be published in his lifetime, mimeographed copies were circulated by Merton and his friends to supporters like Ethel Kennedy who shared it with her brother Robert F. Kennedy and his brother, President John F. Kennedy.

A copy also found its way into the hands of Pope John XXIII and played a role in the work of the Second Vatican Council and the pope’s encyclical, Pacem in Terra: Peace on Earth.


Decades later, his book found its way into my hands and its message touched me to my very core.

From the early days of Operation Enduring Freedom and the Global War on Terrorism, I was concerned about the lack of strategy or overall “plan” for what the military was doing.

I was also concerned about the rise in anti-Muslim sentiment and action in the civilian sector and military itself.

One of the roles of a chaplain is to be an ethical and moral advisor to leadership.

I took that role seriously and in the wake of September 11th, I asked serious questions about the lack of strategy and the issues of anti-Muslim sentiment in the ranks as I had throughout my career.


In the final paper for the Merton class at Columbia, I wrote the following in a “letter to Thomas Merton” which was my final paper.

I never meant to be a rabble-rouser.  All I wanted to do was be a servant of the Lord in this very unique setting.  Did you ever feel like that when you were told that you couldn’t write about certain subjects or that you had to tone down your rhetoric for the good of the order and the church?  I am wondering if you might not have felt like that too.

As I close this blog, the challenge of the late Congressman John Lewis comes to mind. Speaking on the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, Alabama on March 1, 2020 he challenged those gathered to Get in good trouble, necessary trouble, and redeem the soul of America. I believe these words would resonate with Thomas Merton if he were alive today in a similar way to how they resonate with me.


Interested in learning more about Thomas Merton? Register for the February course,  Thomas Merton, Spiritual Guide: An Introduction to Merton Through His Writings.

Michael A. Moore, Chaplain, Lieutenant Colonel, USAF (retired)

Interim Pastor, Swift Presbyterian Church, Foley, Alabama

Blog – HTTPS://ScotsIrishPadre.blog

Along the Journey